bast fiber processing

Conventional decortication often uses the same hammer mill or hammer mill-like mechanisms (rollers, scutchers, gins, etc) that have been used for over a hundred years; using a beating action to break down hurd and fiber. Flax is a renewable resource and has the potential to be much more eco friendly than cotton. In turn, it qualified for several tax credit as well other incentives to do business here. Written and photographed by Maddy Bartsch. Both methods require 14 to 28 days to degrade the pectic materials, hemicellulose, and lignin. I was joined by others from around the country who are excited about and investing in the possibilities and potential American-grown hemp can bring to our fiber systems: hemp farmers and yarn makers already acquainted with hemp, including Fibershed member Mary Pettis Sarley and Kentucky Cloth Project collaborator Kacie Lynn, as well as individuals looking for the possibility of investing in exciting new ventures, and a curious neighbor in Nebraska who, when asked about his reason for coming, simply replied he had heard there was an open house and wanted to see what went on in the large building. The 60,000-square-foot BastCore plant at 715 Shady St. takes in hemp stalks from a nearby farm to process into fiber, chips and other materials for use across different industries. Dutch company Brennels, in consultation with the De Montfort STING project is currently cultivating nettles in Holland's North-East Polder region. The fiber is around the outside of the plant and comprises one-third of the weight. Indica is the variety grown for both recreational and medical drug use. It is an ecologically sustainable plant requiring far less water and no chemical pesticides or fertilisation. In textiles it is often mistaken for linen and is extremely absorbent and dries quickly. A New Breed of Fiber Mill: BastCore Hemp Processing. There are no regulations or concerns regarding THC in fiber from cannabis plants. Nettle fibres are white, smooth, and up to 50mm (2”) long, and can produce a finer and silkier fabric than flax. Decortication, one of the many steps involved in processing hemp, is the separation of hemp’s outer layer (bast fiber) from the inner core (hurd). If you were to ask me what Nebraska is known for, I’d probably guess corn or football, neither of which I can say much more about. It is grown in Ireland and Northern Europe; from Southern Normandy, France to Belgium and the Netherlands, which together produce 85% of the world’s flax. Following retting, a sequence of processes to remove the fibres from the woody stalks is carried out first by breaking them and then scraping or scutching them off which is done by beating with blunt wooden or metal blades either by hand or mechanically. However, it is far less labor intensive and less expensive than water retting. Bast has developed a wet processing technology as well as a post wet processing fiber cleaning technology. The two tradition- al types of retting are field and water retting. Research is already under way to develop the use of nettles for textiles. The future may see nettles as a crop that can transform lives for those growing textile crops in the developing world. It requires far less use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers. The company has been consistently innovating, tailoring, and perfecting the creation of premier hemp products from the bast and hurd (wood) and expanding the use-cases for the full hemp plant - sustainable use cases that benefit … Nettles have a long history as a textile fibre substitute for linen, dating back to medieval times, and have also been used commercially more recently during both World Wars, when other crops such as cotton were scarce. Post navigation. Japan, under American influence also restricted the growth of hemp in 1948 and is one of the few Eastern countries to have prohibited its cultivation. Plantation-grown kenaf is capable of growing from seedlings to 5 m at maturity in five months. It is related to flax and hemp and can be used to produce a fine linen-like cloth. These include linseed oil for linoleum, soap, fuel and cattle feed. I am from Robeson county which has a rich history in farming. Since the 1930s the focus has been the production of strains that offer a poor sources of drug material. The bast fiber is then cleaned, carded, refined, and cut to size. Processed bast fibers arrive at hemp product manufacturing facilities packaged in compressed bales similar to hay. This will perfect for indoor growing and processing and research. Have you read the blog posts we’ve shared featuring the work of One Acre Exchange? It is second only to soy in its nutritional value, is highly digestible and an effective unsaturated oil. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Today the major producers are China and India. Germany and Brazil also import raw jute from Bangladesh. Fibre Modification We apply innovative natural modifications to the fibres including cohesion enhancement, absorbency modulation and custom staple length in … Hemp fabric withstands water better than any other textile product. Kenaf fibers are shorter and coarser than those of jute. Hemp is cultivated all over the world and was such an important crop that in the 19th century over 80% of the world’s fabric was made of hemp. Flax is the only commercial cellulosic textile plant indigenous to Western Europe; it is also the strongest of all the vegetable fibres being two to three times stronger than cotton. Bamboo also contains a substance called bamboo-kun, an antimicrobial agent that gives the plant a natural resistance to pest and fungi infestation. For generations, hemp harvesting was performed manually. But upon reaching my destination, it would seem Nebraska has extraordinary qualities you might not see from simply glancing out the window. Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Linen absorbs dye well, especially natural dyes and does not require chemical treatments. Processing. Also can retting of jute be change from water retting to enhance the fiber quality and can the process change to shift from a semi mechanised process of producing jute fiber to mechanised production of jute and hemp fiber. This high growth rate and the ability to flourish in such diverse climates gives the bamboo plant the potential to be a highly sustainable and versatile resource. Learn how your comment data is processed. Even when these are used flax requires only one fifth of the pesticides and artificial fertilisers that is required for commercially grown cotton. The fibres are then usually separated from the stalk by retting but are sometimes obtained by decortication which is a manual or mechanical peeling operation. Ramie is a flowering plant of the nettle family boehmeria niveea that is native to Eastern Asia. Thank you! Ag Processing Solutions and its partner, Forsbergs, Inc., have developed proprietary technology to separate hemp fiber at a MUCH lower cost than traditional hemp decortication equipment. Bamboo typically grows very densely and its clumping nature enables substantial quantities to be grown in a comparatively small area, easing pressure on land use. Some companies like Circular Systems are working on systems to process textile-grade fiber from CBD or oilseed hemp. Please reach out to Bastcore directly at http://www.bastcore.com. The traditional uses for kenaf have been rope, twine and coarse cloth as well as for fuel and nutrition. Dew retting tends to yield a dark-colored fiber. BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. It can also be used for biodegradable plastics. In addition, Robeson county is a Tier 1, which is considered an economic depressed area. During harvesting, the plant stalks are cut off close to the base or pulled up. Hemp Stalk Processing Hemp farms begin harvesting for fiber production when the plants are in early bloom. However we have access to hundreds of acres of approved agricultural land in my county. My name is Rahul Agarwal. The plants are long and slender with fibres that are between one and five metres long running the full length of the plant. Centre for Learning and Teaching in Art and Design, Bast fibres, like linen and flax are obtained from the, Following retting, a sequence of processes to remove the fibres from the woody stalks is carried out first by, Linen, or flax is the most luxurious of all the bast fibres and has a very specific tactile appeal; it is smooth and lustrous to both the eye and hand, the fibre is almost silky in texture, yet embodies a springy freshness. With crop rotation it is not necessary to use chemical fertilisers and pesticides when growing flax. This will give New Indiana Farmer`s time to get their Hemp Farms started. The principal consumers of Ramie fibre are Japan, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. It also greatly reduces rain run-off. So I would like to know whether we can skip the retting process and go directly to the mechanical decortication process and if so whether it is possible to obtain quality hemp bast fibers by skipping the retting process. The remaining half of the building is taken up by a giant machine specially made for processing bast fibers. Kenaf fiber is also considered a substitute for jute and used in sacking, rope, and bags. We are in the process of installing solar(by the way I own a small solar business). Ultrasonic fiber processing is a fast and easy-to-use processing technology for industrial production. In stream retting the plants are immersed in slow moving streams for a longer time and the quality of the product is high. sativa) is an efficient crop, which has multiple uses, the most valuable part of the plant is its fibres for production for the fabric industry, and it is also extensively used for biodegradable plastics and bio fuels. As a textile fibre it blends well with both other natural fibres and synthetics and when dyed it retains colour well being both colour and light fast. Hope to hear from you soon. Across the spacious warehouse, a wall of hemp bales lines the back of the building. In Canada the export of hemp seeds has increased by over 300% over the last two years. The fibers may be useful for other applications, such as paper. Any groups you would recommend joining? Along with flax, this fast-growing plant is now the basis for a new textile woven on conventional cotton-machinery, called CRAILAR® Organic Fibres. Nettles can grow on the most inhospitable land that has been subjected to chemical abuse, but their cultivation uses a very small amount, if any at all of pesticide. Learn more about BastCore at bastcore.com. Maybe their is regulation about the THC content in the fiber it self. You can also see the raw and degummed fibers in the far right column in the bottom photo. Bast Bast plants are plants that are able to provide seeds, cellulosic fiber bundles, and woody revenue. Monument Colorado. Sandy has family in the Omaha area we would be staying with them and would like to bring a sample of our flax that will be harvested in May. I am working on starting my own BioComposites manufacturing startup. Sustainable land use practices that provide both economic and environmental advantages and are of global importance as the world’s six billion people compete for water, food, fibre and shelter, the high yield per hectare of bamboo becomes a very significant advantage. We would like to take you up on your offer. We don’t know much about jute in our region and may not be able to help you. Keep fighting the good Fight!! Directly across from the raw materials sits equipment for finishing hemp. This is the first article I have seen that actually addresses that endeavor with hemp! HempTrain™ efficiently separates bast fiber from hurd in a processing technique that does not damage the fiber strings (bundles), keeping the fiber long, … CRAILAR® Flax is produced using an enzymatic process that converts bast fibers into materials that are as soft as cotton but more durable and eco-friendly. chicoflax.com, I have Alpacas and have for a very long time wanted to blend Alpaca with hemp! It is done by degradation or disruption of … An annual plant that grows from seed, hemp can be grown on a processing of soils, but tends to grow best on land that processings high yields of corn. I have a setup of a large scale production of jute fiber. Tossa jute is also grown as a staple food and is now grown in India. The United States is the only industrialised country where it is still illegal to grow hemp, although some states have granted licences for the cultivation of industrial hemp. Our HempTrain™ advanced hemp processing technology, is capable of producing clean, long, structurally intact bast fiber. With various stages of hemp processing accessible for us to see and touch, it became apparent that processing hemp is not a “one-size-fits-all” sort of endeavor, as it involves precise measurements and many trials to get the hemp to behave in the fashion needed for user end-products. These 4 products are seed, flower, bast (long fiber) and hurd (short fiber). After extraction, the fiber is degummed, dried, decorticated, scotched, hackled and combed processes that separate and clean the component parts.

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